Bank of Canada Makes Interest Rate Announcement

Wednesday Nov 10th, 2021



October 27th, 2021


  1. What is the Bank of Canada’s current policy interest rate?
  2. When does the Bank of Canada announce its overnight rate?
  3. When is the next announcement?
  4. What factors did Bank of Canada consider in its latest decision?


Bank Of Canada's Overnight Interest Rate


   The Bank of Canada announced that it will continue to hold its key interest rate target at 0.25%, sitting unchanged since March 2020 when a trio of rate cuts were implemented to boost the economy following the hard-hitting impacts of COVID-19.  In today’s announcement, the Bank also advised that it is ending its quantitative easing program, which saw the purchase of government bonds to help boost the economy.

   Global and Canadian economic recovery is progressing.  Vaccination efforts continue world-wide, however the uneven availability and distribution of vaccines, and COVID variants continue to pose risks.

   Global demand for goods remains strong, however supply-side constraints are creating a “bottleneck.”  This is also the case in Canada, curbing the economy’s productive capacity.

   The Bank has downgraded its forecast for global GDP growth to 6.5% this year, 4.25% in 2022 and about 3.25% in 2023.

   In Canada, the Bank is projecting economic growth of 5% in 2021, before moderating to 4.25% in 2022 and 3.75% in 2023.

   Bank of Canada’s 2021 Schedule for Policy Interest Rate Announcements

   Bank of Canada announces its decision for the overnight rate target eight times a year, typically on a Wednesday.  The schedule for 2021 is as follows:

  • January 20, March 10, April 21, June 9, July 14

   The next interest rate announcement is scheduled for December 8, 2021.  The Bank’s outlook for the economy and inflation, including risks to the projection, will be published in its Monetary Policy Report on January 26, 2022.


“Bank of Canada today held its Target For The Overnight Rate…”


Read the release below:

The Bank of Canada today held its target for the overnight rate at the effective lower bound of ¼ %, with the Bank Rate at ½ % and the deposit rate at ¼ %.  The Bank’s extraordinary forward guidance on the path for the overnight rate is being maintained.  The Bank is ending quantitative easing (QE) and moving into the reinvestment phase, during which it will purchase Government of Canada bonds solely to replace maturing bonds.


The global economic recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic is progressing.  Vaccines are proving highly effective against the virus, although their availability and distribution globally remain uneven and COVID variants pose risks to health and economic activity.  In the face of strong global demand for goods, pandemic-related disruptions to production and transportation are constraining growth.  Inflation rates have increased in many countries, boosted by these supply bottlenecks and by higher energy prices.  While bond yields have risen in recent weeks, financial conditions remain accommodative and continue to support economic activity.


The Bank projects global GDP will grow by 6½ % in 2021 – a strong pace but less than projected in the July Monetary Policy Report (MPR) – and by 4¼ % in 2022 and about 3½ % in 2023.


In Canada, robust economic growth has resumed, following a pause in the second quarter.  Strong employment gains in recent months were concentrated in hard-to-distance sectors and among workers most affected by lockdowns.  This has significantly reduced the very uneven impact of the pandemic on workers.  As the economy reopens, it is taking time for workers to find the right jobs and for employers to hire people with the right skills.  This is contributing to labour shortages in certain sectors, even as slack remains in the overall labour market.


The Bank now forecasts Canada’s economy will grow by 5% this year before moderating to 4¼% in 2022 and 3¾ % in 2023.  Demand is expected to be supported by strong consumption and business investment, and a rebound in exports as the US economy continues to recover.  Housing activity has moderated but is expected to remain elevated.  On the supply side, shortages of manufacturing inputs, transportation bottlenecks, and difficulties in matching jobs to workers are limiting the economy’s productive capacity.  Although the impact and persistence of these supply factors are hard to quantify, the output gap is likely to be narrower than the Bank had forecast in July.


The recent increase in CPI inflation was anticipated in July, but the main forces pushing up prices – higher energy prices and pandemic-related supply bottlenecks – now appear to be stronger and more persistent than expected.  Core measures of inflation have also risen, but by less than the CPI.  The Bank now expects CPI inflation to be elevated into next year, and ease back to around the 2% target by late 2022.  The Bank is closely watching inflation expectations and labour costs to ensure that the temporary forces pushing up prices do not become embedded in ongoing inflation.


The Governing Council judges that in view of ongoing excess capacity, the economy continues to require considerable monetary policy support.  We remain committed to holding the policy interest rate at the effective lower bound until economic slack is absorbed so that the 2% inflation target is sustainably achieved.  In the Bank’s projection, this happens sometime in the middle quarters of 2022.  In light of the progress made in the economic recovery, the Governing Council has decided to end quantitative easing and keep its overall holdings of Government of Canada bonds roughly constant.
 We will continue to provide the appropriate degree of monetary policy stimulus to support the recovery and achieve the inflation target.



Lydia McNutt

Public Relations & Content Manager

RE/MAX Canada

Lydia McNutt is an award-winning writer, editor, and PR professional, who has spent the last 20 years of her career focussed on all thing’s real estate. At RE/MAX Canada, Lydia develops educational and entertaining content for Canadian consumers, while furthering the reach of the RE/MAX brand through news articles, market trend reports, and thought-leadership pieces published on the RE/MAX Canada blog and covered by mainstream media. Lydia has been published nationally on topics ranging from real estate to architecture, design and decor, finance, business, technology, entertainment, and lifestyle topics.

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